Friday, 1 April 2011


Throughout the world, food is a part of the cultural and social life, and has a religious significance for people. Therefore, any technological change resulting from the science of biotechnology, including changes to the genetic base of cultivated plants or animals used for food, may face social resistance. In many countries, people interact with nature, often in collaboration with religious views, is resistance to changing social and ethical issues that interfere with the genes. Considering that biotechnology will contribute to achieving the stated objective of food security and the tide on food crises in many countries, the fact remains that always the reason for the feelings and strong opposition to genetically modified foods are much more complex variables and different regions of the world.

While in developed countries and advanced developing countries, the polls indicate that the lack of information is not the main reason for the opposition to GM crops there. The public is not for or against GMOs in itself - people are discussing the pros and cons of GMOs, and are aware of the contradictions within these arguments. In addition, people are not asking for zero risk. They are well aware that their life is full of risks to be compared with each other and against the potential benefits. A key finding is that people do not react much to the genetic modification of a specific technology, but rather the context in which GMOs are developed and the benefits they are supposed to produce.

However, in less developed countries and developing countries, lack of knowledge and awareness play an important role in whipping up passion and feelings against the bogeyman known as genetically modified crops and its effects, some imaginary bad for society as a whole. The irony is that most of the arguments against genetically modified crops or are shallow or very far from reality and hide the big picture. political connotations and interests are more important, rather than a deliberate attempt to give a clear and concise manner of reality.

A key argument against GM crops is their being natural and artificial. However, the same argument was also raised during the introduction of pesticides and other elements to eliminate weeds for crop protection.

Opposition to genetically modified crops and food has a lot to do with social values ​​and political concerns of health and safety. "The awareness of their consumer rights and farmers fear the increasing dependence on multinationals, are symptoms of a deeper concern about the values ​​and priorities, the type of person who wants the environment, the role of biodiversity, risk tolerance and the people of are willing to pay price for regulation. Some people are concerned about the level of control exercised by a handful of chemical companies in the markets for seed. GMOs are emblematic of globalization on economic fears. In some areas, the hostility to GMOs is the symbol of a broader opposition to the invasion of market forces. They are perceived to create a world where money with little regard for historical traditions, cultural identities and social needs.

The potential risk of cross-pollination and contamination for the dissemination of material from genetically modified plants may be a problem for organic farming. Dispersion of material from genetically modified crops (seeds, for example) can occur over long distances, depending on the characteristics of plants and climatic conditions.