Friday, 18 February 2011

Biologicial Technology- What it means

Biotechnology is short for biological technology. The technology is the ability to make better use of our environment and our way of life. Biotechnology applies the same principles for living organisms. Biotechnology can be defined as the application of our knowledge and understanding of biology to meet practical needs. Today, biotechnology is largely identified with applications in medicine and agriculture based on our knowledge of the genetic code of life, genetic engineering, DNA fingerprinting, molecular technology, the cultivation of genetically modified seeds, vaccines, bio-pesticides and fertilizers organic. Fermentation, used to make bread, beer and cheese, is an example of biotechnology. Modern biotechnology allows scientists to simply be more accurate in their work and expand their areas of specialization.

The different types of crops have been produced using the molecular tools of biotechnology and are beginning to be used in agricultural systems around the world.

Biotechnology has the potential to help farmers to reduce chemical inputs at the farm and produce value added. Conversely, there are concerns about the use of biotechnology in agricultural systems, including the possibility that it may lead to increased farmers' dependence on suppliers of new technologies.

Biotechnology is a technology based on biology, especially when used in agriculture, food science, and medicine. The United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity has developed one of the many definitions of biotechnology. "Biotechnology: any technological application that uses biological systems, living organisms or derivatives thereof, to make or modify products or processes for specific use."

Biotechnology can also be defined as the manipulation of organisms to do practical things and provide useful products.

One aspect of biotechnology is the directed use of organisms for the manufacture of biological products (eg, beer and dairy products like cheese, yogurt). For another example, naturally occurring bacteria used by the mining industry in bioleaching. Biotechnology is also used for recycling, waste treatment, remediation of sites contaminated by industrial activities (bioremediation), and produce biological weapons.

There are also applications of biotechnology that do not use living organisms. Examples are DNA microarrays used in genetics and radioactive tracers used in medicine.

Bio technology is applied in fields such as medicine and human rights in general and to improve health, agriculture to produce higher yields, the search for drugs and clinical trials and contract research for bioinformatics and related sectors and regions. Needless to say that the market already available and the extensive use of technology in industrial applications for the technology is one of the most happening today in the application for general use.