Friday, 18 February 2011

Variants of Biotechnology

Biotechnology is the use of biological processes, organizations or systems to manufacture products that improve the quality of human life. The first farmers biotechnologists who developed the species of plants and animals from cross-pollination or crossing. In recent years, biotechnology has increased in sophistication, scope and applicability in various sectors of modern economies.

The science of biotechnology can be divided into several sub-discipline called red, white, green and blue.

Red biotechnology involves processes such as medical organizations for the production of new drugs, or using stem cells to regenerate damaged human tissues and perhaps re-grow whole organs, the design of organisms to produce antibiotics and genetic engineering care through the manipulation of genomic DNA analysis of progress in the understanding of human evolution and the origin of various diseases, tissue culture for the detection of diseases, etc. are examples of red biotechnology.

White biotechnology, also known as white biotechnology, biotechnology applied to industrial processes. An example is the project of an organism to produce a useful chemical. White biotechnology tends to consume less resources than traditional processes used to produce industrial goods. fermentation process that is used to make bread and other food products is an example of white biotechnology.

Green biotechnology is biotechnology applied to agricultural processes. An example is the design of transgenic plants to grow under specific environmental conditions or the presence (or absence) of certain agricultural chemicals. One hope is that green biotechnology might produce more environmentally friendly solutions than traditional industrial agriculture. An example of this is engineering a plant to express a pesticide, thereby eliminating the need for external application of pesticides. An example of this would be the green revolution of Bt maize in India is a successful example of green biotechnology, leading to greater efficiency and productivity and self-sufficiency in food production. biofertilsers Introduction and biopesticides are various other examples of green biotechnology.

Bioinformatics is an interdisciplinary field that deals with computational techniques to biological problems. The land is often referred to as the computational biology. It plays a key role in various fields such as functional genomics, structural genomics and proteomics, and is a key element in the biotechnology and pharmaceutical industries. And 'the dawn of the sector to the growth of the IT industry.

Blue biotechnology has also been used to describe the marine and aquatic applications of biotechnology, but its use is relatively rare.