Thursday, 17 February 2011

Plant Production Biotechnology

There is almost no aspect of crop production that will not go through major changes as a result of the application of biotechnology. Commercial applications of agricultural biotechnology has not yet occurred. Currently, more traditional aspects of biotechnology as tissue culture were important to disease-free, especially in accelerating the process of selection and propagation of new varieties of seeds.

Supply of seed crops cultivation was greatly improved with the in vitro development of varieties that are better suited to an environment improved. The application of tissue culture has several advantages, including reproduction and rapid reproduction, the availability of seed of all material, etc. year after the application of tissue culture does not require very expensive equipment, this technique can be easily applied in the countries development and can contribute to improving the local varieties of crops. For example, using traditional methods for propagating potatoes.

The reduction in the use of synthetic chemicals: Biotechnology can contribute to the need for agricultural chemicals, small farmers in developing countries can afford. Reducing the use of chemicals is less residue in the final product. This should increase productivity and fertility of the soil, and the reduction of toxic elements in crops.

Increased production: biotechnology can be used in diverse ways to achieve higher returns, such as improving the ability to flower and get increased photosynthesis or the intake of nutrients. Increase in productivity can be · Prices, which is an important policy objective is low in many developing countries.

improved collection: The cloning of plants can contribute to the labor market for the crop needs. When the plants more individual properties are uniform, grow at the same rate and mature at the same time, the harvest is less tiring. A reduction in workload is not only a goal in the highly industrialized countries, can also be very important for small farmers in developing countries.

Better Grade: food shortages in many countries would not exist if the problem of post-harvest losses can be solved. In future, the genetic engineering used to remove lead, system components, the premature deterioration of the crop. For example, on a technique to reduce the presence of a normal enzyme in tomato softening of ripe tomato fruit is involved patented and is very useful to improve the shelf life of different varieties of crops.